Dream of the red chamber english pdf

 

    Hung Lou Meng, or, the Dream of the Red Chamber, a Chinese Novel, Book I by Cao. No cover available. Download; Bibrec. interprets for him in songs the Dream of the Red Cha mber. CHAPTER 6 .. A mansion with a second story is called low on which the present English trans. His two-volume transla- tion, Dream of the Red Chamber, was published by Kelly My translation into the German, on which the present English trans- lation is.

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    Dream Of The Red Chamber English Pdf

    The Dream of the. Red Chamber or 紅樓夢 [Hung Lou Meng]. Cao Xueqin. Translated by H. Bencraft Joly. This web edition published by [email protected] Language: English. Character set encoding: US-ASCII OR, THE DREAM OF THE RED CHAMBER, A CHINESE NOVEL. BY. CAO XUEQIN. One of the difficulties confronting an English-speaking reader of the novel is keeping straight the large number of Chinese names. Note that the translator has .

    Van Norden brvannorden at vassar. The complicated narrative, with many subplots, chronicles the gradual decline of the fictional Jia family. The lesson is the danger of "attachment" even a seemingly good attachment like romantic love. One of the difficulties confronting an English-speaking reader of the novel is keeping straight the large number of Chinese names. Note that the translator has provided you with several tools that you should make frequent use of: 1 a guide to the characters found in volume 1 beginning on p. In addition, the translator has used the convention of translating the names of servants the maids and pages , and only Romanizing the names of family members. In the following summary of the first few chapters, the names of the most important characters which you should memorize are in boldface. The magic stone will become Jia Bao-yu while the flower-fairy will become Lin Dai-yu. In a dream, an aged scholar, Zhen Shi-yin, runs into the monk and priest and questions them. But Shi-yin refuses to hand her over.

    The elders in the Jia family decide that Bao Yu is to marry Bao Chai, despite the fact that he has made clear that he wants to marry Dai Yu. They trick him into believing he is marrying Dai Yu; the trick marriage is a tragedy for all three of the people involved.

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    By the time the marriage takes place, the Jia family is in dire straits. They are deeply in debt and in political trouble.

    The novel is very much the product of Qing Dynasty elite culture. Elite status in the Qing Dynasty was conferred through success in the civil service examination system.

    Ethnic tensions in the Qing were real but muted. The Qing rulers were Manchus, a group whose language, culture, and customs were quite different from those of the Han Chinese they conquered in The Qing conquerors forced all men to wear the queue, a hairstyle in which the front of the head was shaved and long hair in the back was worn in a braid.

    The vagueness of the time frame of the novel—the novel announces to the reader that it will not tell us in what dynasty it is set—is perhaps one way of dealing with ethnic complexity.

    Dream of the Red Chamber was first published in , after having circulated in manuscript form since The manuscript circulated primarily among the family and friends of the author.

    Readers might return the novel with commentary, often written in the margins and sometimes even between the lines of the novel. As various versions of the text circulated, they accumulated layer after layer of commentary. And there is an even more serious problem: none of the extant versions of the manuscript extends beyond chapter The novel apparently circulated for nearly forty years without an ending.

    Dream Of The Red Chamber

    But the first published edition provided readers with an ending, forty chapters which had not been included in the earlier manuscript versions. That preface goes on to say that Gao E, the editor of the volume, simply edited and polished the found texts. Most scholars today dispute this version of events, and argue that Cheng and Gao E had a stronger hand in composing the final forty chapters than they admit.

    The uncertain status of the ending of the novel has served as an invitation to readers to imagine alternative endings.

    Very few authors gained fame, and even fewer gained fortune, by writing fiction. Cao Xueqin gained neither. He died in in poverty with no children who survived him. There was no one to see to the publication of the book, and no one even to remember that he was the author. Yet the novel became a best seller almost immediately after its first publication.

    A contemporary commentator noted that almost every household in Beijing had a copy, which is certainly an exaggeration, but nonetheless suggests the popularity of the novel.

    He goes to work as a tutor to Lin Dai-yu, the daughter and only child of an important official. Yu-cun runs into an old friend, and the two of them discuss distant relatives of Yu-cun, the wealthy Jia family of the capital.

    Rong-guo and Ning-guo descended from two illustrious ancestors , which live in sprawling compounds across the street from each other. The oldest surviving son in the new generation of the Rong-guo wing of the family is a boy who was born with a jade stone in his mouth.

    Jia Yu-cun presents an elaborate theory about the cause of his peculiarities of character. When Dai-yu arrives at the Rong-guo mansion, she is greeted by Grandmother Jia, who introduces her to her aunts and her cousins.

    Dream of the Red Chamber in Chapters - World Digital Library

    Dai-yu is taken to meet her uncles, Jia She and Jia Zheng, but they are both unavailable. Dai-yu has dinner with Grandmother Jia, who afterwards asks her about her reading habits. Dai-yu states matter-of-factly that she is studying the Four Books. Dai-yu and Bao-yu feel that they have met each other before which they have, but not in this lifetime.

    Shi-yin befriends an impoverished young scholar in the neighborhood, Jia Yu-cun, and gives him the money to travel to the capital to take the civil service examination a pathway to power and lucrative government positions.

    He and his wife are forced to eke out a living as farmers, until Shi-yin achieves enlightenment after an encounter with the Taoist immortal, and himself becomes a Taoist wanderer.

    He goes to work as a tutor to Lin Dai-yu, the daughter and only child of an important official.

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    Yu-cun runs into an old friend, and the two of them discuss distant relatives of Yu-cun, the wealthy Jia family of the capital. Rong-guo and Ning-guo descended from two illustrious ancestors , which live in sprawling compounds across the street from each other. The oldest surviving son in the new generation of the Rong-guo wing of the family is a boy who was born with a jade stone in his mouth. Jia Yu-cun presents an elaborate theory about the cause of his peculiarities of character.

    When Dai-yu arrives at the Rong-guo mansion, she is greeted by Grandmother Jia, who introduces her to her aunts and her cousins. Dai-yu is taken to meet her uncles, Jia She and Jia Zheng, but they are both unavailable. Dai-yu has dinner with Grandmother Jia, who afterwards asks her about her reading habits.

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